State-of-the-art glycomics technologies in glycobiotechnology

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Pralow, Alexander
Cajic, Samanta
Alagesan, Kathirvel
Kolarich, Daniel
Rapp, Erdmann
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Rapp, E
Reichl, U
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2021
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Abstract

Glycosylation affects the properties of biologics; thus regulatory bodies classified it as critical quality attribute and force biopharma industry to capture and control it throughout all phases, from R&D till end of product lifetime. The shift from originators to biosimilars further increases importance and extent of glycoanalysis, which thus increases the need for technology platforms enabling reliable high-throughput and in-depth glycan analysis. In this chapter, we will first summarize on established glycoanalytical methods based on liquid chromatography focusing on hydrophilic interaction chromatography, capillary electrophoresis focusing on multiplexed capillary gel electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry focusing on matrix-assisted laser desorption; we will then highlight two emerging technologies based on porous graphitized carbon liquid chromatography and on ion-mobility mass spectrometry as both are highly promising tools to deliver an additional level of information for in-depth glycan analysis; additionally we elaborate on the advantages and challenges of different glycoanalytical technologies and their complementarity; finally, we briefly review applications thereof to biopharmaceutical products. This chapter provides an overview of current state-of-the-art analytical approaches for glycan characterization of biopharmaceuticals that can be employed to capture glycoprotein heterogeneity in a biopharmaceutical context.

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Advances in Glycobiotechnology
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175
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Medical biotechnology
Clinical sciences
Glycobiology
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
Biopharmaceuticals
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Pralow, A; Cajic, S; Alagesan, K; Kolarich, D; Rapp, E, State-of-the-art glycomics technologies in glycobiotechnology, Advances in Glycobiotechnology, 2021, 175, pp. 379-411
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