The effect of thickness reduction on the hydraulic transmissivity of geonet drains using rigid and non-rigid flow boundaries

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Yarahmadi, N
Gratchev, I
Jeng, D-S
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2017
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Abstract

In this paper, relationships between in-plane flow capacity reduction and thickness reduction are presented in tri-planar and bi-planar geonets for rigid and non-rigid flow boundaries. Using these equations, the long-term flow capacity of geonets can be determined using creep test results. To validate these relationships, geonet thickness was measured under different conditions and the theoretical values of the transmissivity reduction ratios were calculated by substituting the results in the equations. Transmissivity tests were then performed under the same conditions to obtain experimental values of the reduction ratios. A comparison showed that the theoretical and experimental values of the transmissivity reduction ratios were in agreement, and the relationships provide a useful tool to predict the drainage capacity of both tri-planar and bi-planar geonets influenced by loading pressure. However, special precautions must be taken when applying the equations to investigate the hydraulic capacity of other types of geosynthetic drains as well as when the geonet is covered by geotextile material acting as a filter between the geonet and adjacent soil, is overlain by geosynthetic clay liner material where the swelling potential of the bentonite in the geonet exists, is placed in inclined positions or is subjected to complex combinations of load.

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Geotextiles and Geomembranes
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45
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2
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Civil engineering
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Resources engineering and extractive metallurgy
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