The TLR signaling adaptor TRAM interacts with TRAF6 to mediate activation of the inflammatory response by TLR4

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Verstak, Brett
Stack, Julianne
Ve, Thomas
Mangan, Matthew
Hjerrild, Kathryn
Jeon, Jannah
Stahl, Rainer
Latz, Eicke
Gay, Nick
Kobe, Bostjan
Bowie, Andrew G
Mansell, Ashley
Griffith University Author(s)
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2014
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Abstract

TLRs act as sentinels in professional immune cells to detect and initiate the innate immune response to pathogen challenge. TLR4 is a widely expressed TLR, responsible for initiating potent immune responses to LPS. TRAM acts to bridge TLR4 with TRIF, orchestrating the inflammatory response to pathogen challenge. We have identified a putative TRAF6‐binding motif in TRAM that could mediate a novel signaling function for TRAM in TLR4 signaling. TRAM and TRAF6 association was confirmed by immunoprecipitation of endogenous, ectopically expressed and recombinant proteins, which was ablated upon mutation of a key Glu residue in TRAM (TRAM E183A). TRAF6 and TRAM were observed colocalizing using confocal microscopy following ectopic expression in cells and the ability of TRAM and TRAM E183A to activate luciferase‐linked reporter assays was determined in HEK293 and TRAF6‐deficient cells. Importantly, TRAM‐deficient macrophages reconstituted with TRAM E183A display significantly reduced inflammatory TNF‐α, IL‐6, and RANTES protein production compared with WT TRAM. These results demonstrate a novel role for TRAM in TLR4‐mediated signaling in regulating inflammatory responses via its interaction with TRAF6, distinct from its role as a bridging adaptor between TLR4 and TRIF.

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Journal of Leukocyte Biology

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96

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3

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Biochemistry and cell biology

Immunology

Immunology not elsewhere classified

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