2017-12: Underemployment and its impact on job satisfaction: An Australian study on part-time employment (Working paper)

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Kifle, T.
Kler, Parvinder
Shankar, S.
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Rohde, Nicholas
Naranpanawa, Athula
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2017
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30 pages
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Abstract

Utilising 2001-14 Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia panel data, this study investigates the phenomenon of underemployment among part-time employees, and its impact on job satisfaction. Whilst the Macroeconomic effects are readily understood in terms of labour under-utilisation, underemployment has potential deleterious effects at the personal level on workplace productivity, should the underemployed suffer from lower levels of job satisfaction relative to the non-underemployed. Part-time underemployment is gender sensitive, affecting males proportionally more than females, though more females are actually underemployed given their significant presence in part-time employment. As expected, the underemployed exhibit lower levels of job satisfaction, and do so across all six domains of workplace satisfaction. Job satisfaction outcomes among the underemployed are gender sensitive, with females reporting higher levels of satisfaction across all domains. Results posit that part-time underemployment is a significant but well-hidden issue within the Australian labour market, and the consequence of this on job satisfaction and potentially productivity is pronounced, both between the underemployed and non-underemployed, and also by gender.

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Copyright © 2010 by author(s). No part of this paper may be reproduced in any form, or stored in a retrieval system, without prior permission of the author(s).
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Economics and Business Statistics
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J01 - Labor Economics: General
Underemployment
Job Satisfaction
Panel Data
Gender Differences
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