Evidence for implementation of interventions to promote mental health in the workplace: a systematic scoping review protocol

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Paterson, Charlotte
Leduc, Caleb
Maxwell, Margaret
Aust, Birgit
Amann, Benedikt L
Cerga-Pashoja, Arlinda
Coppens, Evelien
Couwenbergh, Chrisje
O'Connor, Cliodhna
Arensman, Ella
Greiner, Birgit A
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BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common in the working population and represent a growing concern internationally, with potential impacts on workers, organisations, workplace health and compensation authorities, labour markets and social policies. Workplace interventions that create workplaces supportive of mental health, promote mental health awareness, destigmatise mental illness and support those with mental disorders are likely to improve health and economical outcomes for employees and organisations. Identifying factors associated with successful implementation of these interventions can improve intervention quality and evaluation, and facilitate the uptake and expansion. Therefore, we aim to review research reporting on the implementation of mental health promotion interventions delivered in workplace settings, in order to increase understanding of factors influencing successful delivery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A scoping review will be conducted incorporating a stepwise methodology to identify relevant literature reviews, primary research and grey literature. This review is registered with Research Registry (reviewregistry897). One reviewer will conduct the search to identify English language studies in the following electronic databases from 2008 through to July 1, 2020: Scopus, PROSPERO, Health Technology Assessments, PubMed, Campbell Collaboration, Joanna Briggs Library, PsycINFO, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL and Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH). Reference searching, Google Scholar, Grey Matters, IOSH and expert contacts will be used to identify grey literature. Two reviewers will screen title and abstracts, aiming for 95% agreement, and then independently screen full texts for inclusion. Two reviewers will assess methodological quality of included studies using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool and extract and synthesize data in line with the RE-AIM framework, Nielson and Randall's model of organisational-level interventions and Moore's sustainability criteria, if the data allows. We will recruit and consult with international experts in the field to ensure engagement, reach and relevance of the main findings. DISCUSSION: This will be the first systematic scoping review to identify and synthesise evidence of barriers and facilitators to implementing mental health promotion interventions in workplace settings. Our results will inform future evaluation studies and randomised controlled trials and highlight gaps in the evidence base. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: Research Registry ( reviewregistry897 ).

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© The Author(s). 2021 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

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Barriers and facilitators

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Paterson, C; Leduc, C; Maxwell, M; Aust, B; Amann, BL; Cerga-Pashoja, A; Coppens, E; Couwenbergh, C; O'Connor, C; Arensman, E; Greiner, BA, Evidence for implementation of interventions to promote mental health in the workplace: a systematic scoping review protocol, Systematic Reviews, 2021, 10 (1), pp. 41