Hydrogenation/dehydrogenation in MgH2-activated carbon composites prepared by ball milling

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Jia, Yi
Guo, Yanan
Zou, Jin
Yao, Xiangdong
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2012
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Abstract

A systematic investigation was performed on the hydrogen storage behaviors of ball-milled MgH2-activated carbon (AC) composites. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) measurement on the desorption temperature was carried out and indicated that the onset and peak temperatures both decreased with increasing AC adding amount, for example, the desorption peak temperature shifted from 349 àfor 1 wt% AC to 316 àfor 20 wt% AC. Furthermore, it is noted that the hydrogen absorption capacity and hydriding kinetics of the composites were also dependent on the adding amount of AC, and the optimum condition could be achieved by mechanical milling of MgH2 with 5 wt% AC. The Mg-5wt%AC composite can absorb about 6.5 wt% hydrogen within 7 min at 300 àand 6.7 wt% within 2 h at 200 ì respectively. It is also demonstrated that MgH2-5wt% AC exhibited good hydrogen desorption property that could release 6.5 wt% at 330 àwithin 30 min. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations revealed that the grain size of the synthesized composites decreased with increasing AC amount. This may contribute to the improvement of hydrogen storage in MgH2-AC composites.

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International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

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37

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9

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Chemical sciences

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Engineering

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