Parental social-cognitive correlates of preschoolers’ oral hygiene behavior: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Smith, SR
Kroon, J
Schwarzer, R
Hamilton, K
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2020
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Abstract

Background: Regular and consistent parental involvement in children's oral hygiene practices is crucial to prevent oral diseases in young children. This emphasizes the need for interventions targeting parental-supervised oral hygiene behavior. To inform the design of future interventions, this meta-analysis aimed to identify the parental social-cognitive factors associated with oral hygiene behavior of preschoolers. Method: Five bibliographic databases were searched. A study was eligible for inclusion when it reported an association between a parental social-cognitive factor and an oral hygiene behavior in the targeted age cohort. Meta-analyses were performed when there were at least four independent effect sizes (k > 3). Results: Of the 5945 records identified, 25 studies contained eligible data to be included in four meta-analyses: attitude (k = 12); self-efficacy (k = 12); intention (k = 6), and sense of coherence (k = 5). The results showed that greater frequency of preschoolers’ oral hygiene behavior is significantly associated with parental attitudes (r+ = 0.18), self-efficacy (r+ = 0.34), and intention (r+ = 0.29), and not significantly associated with parental sense of coherence (r+ = 0.08). Conclusion: Self-efficacy, attitudes, and intention were identified as significant correlates of parental-supervised oral hygiene behavior. However, this is a limited evidence base and many social-cognitive factors, such as self-regulatory processes including planning and action control, have yet to be explored in this context. The significant social-cognitive correlates identified in this study, as well as potential other self-regulatory factors, should be targeted in future intervention studies aimed at improving this important preventive behavior.

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Social Science and Medicine
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Biomedical and clinical sciences
Economics
Human society
Health sciences
Oral hygiene
Parents
Preschoolers
Social-cognition
Toothbrushing
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Smith, SR; Kroon, J; Schwarzer, R; Hamilton, K, Parental social-cognitive correlates of preschoolers’ oral hygiene behavior: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Social Science and Medicine, 2020, 264, pp. 113322
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