The Melanoma and Breast Cancer Association: An Overview of their ‘Second Primary Cancers’ and the Epidemiological, Genetic and Biological correlations

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Jeyakumar, Arunan
Chua, Terence C
Lam, Alfred King-Yin
Gopalan, Vinod
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2020
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Abstract

This study reviews the relevant epidemiological studies associating cutaneous melanoma and breast carcinomas and provides an overview of the possible genetic, biological and bias factors that underpin this relationship. Standardised incidence ratio (SIR) for primary cutaneous melanoma after breast carcinoma ranged from 1.16 to 5.13 and ranged from 1.03 to 4.10 for primary breast carcinoma after cutaneous melanoma. Epidemiological studies highlight age, gender and use of radiotherapy and chemotherapy as potential risk factors for second primary cancers (SPCs). Mutations in BRCA2, CDKN2A, CDK4 and BAP1 may partly underlie any SPC association. The impact of socio-cultural factors and surveillance bias may be attributed to the findings of SPC partially or entirely. In conclusion, this study has highlighted the association between breast carcinoma and melanoma and identified various factors for further research and the optimised management of patients with both cancers.

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Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
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© 2020 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
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Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Oncology and carcinogenesis
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Jeyakumar, A; Chua, T; Lam, AK-Y; Gopalan, V, The Melanoma and Breast Cancer Association: An Overview of their ‘Second Primary Cancers’ and the Epidemiological, Genetic and Biological correlations, Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 2020, 152, pp. 102989:1-102989:10
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