Monodisperse and homogeneous SiOx/C microspheres: A promising high-capacity and durable anode material for lithium-ion batteries

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Liu, Z
Guan, D
Yu, Q
Xu, L
Zhuang, Z
Zhu, T
Zhao, D
Zhou, L
Mai, L
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2018
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Abstract

Monodisperse SiOx/C microspheres with tunable size (300–1000 nm) and well-controlled carbon content (~ 20–60 wt%) have been fabricated through a facile sol-gel method. The judicious selection of silicon and carbon precursors (vinyltriethoxysilane and resorcinol/formaldehyde) enables the formation of an homogeneous SiOx/C (x = 1.63) composite, in which the SiOx mainly exists as ultrafine nano-domains (<2 nm). Benefiting from the unique structural features, the resultant SiOx/C microspheres demonstrate high capacity and outstanding cyclability. Specifically, a reversible capacity of 999 mA h g−1 can be achieved at 100 mA g−1, retaining 853 mA h g−1 after 150 cycles. At 500 mA g−1, the SiOx/C delivers a specific capacity of 689 mA h g−1 and maintains 91.0% of the capacity after 400 cycles. SiOx/C//LiFePO4 full cells are also assembled, leading to an energy density of ~ 372 W h kg−1 based on the total mass of active materials. This work sheds light on the rational design of high-performance SiOx based anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

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Energy Storage Materials

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13

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Chemical engineering

Electrical engineering

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Liu, Z; Guan, D; Yu, Q; Xu, L; Zhuang, Z; Zhu, T; Zhao, D; Zhou, L; Mai, L, Monodisperse and homogeneous SiOx/C microspheres: A promising high-capacity and durable anode material for lithium-ion batteries, Energy Storage Materials, 2018, 13, pp. 112-118

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