Impact of allergic rhinitis on the day-to-day lives of children: insights from an Australian cross-sectional study

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Bosnic-Anticevich, Sinthia
Smith, Peter
Abramson, Michael
Hespe, Charlotte Mary
Johnson, Menai
Stosic, Rodney
Price, David B
Griffith University Author(s)
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2020
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Abstract

STUDY DESIGN AND OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional, observational survey to describe the impact of allergic rhinitis (AR) on Australian children (2 to 15 years). METHODS: Participants (n=1541), parents of children aged 2 to 15 years, provided information on behalf of themselves and one eligible child in their household using a custom-built online questionnaire. Children were allocated to case (AR) or control (No AR) analysis groups based on a validated screening questionnaire. STATISTICAL METHODS: The study sample was stratified on age: primary analysis population (6 to 15 years, n=1111; AR=797, No AR=314); exploratory population (2 to 5 years). The primary endpoint, parent-perceived burden, was quantified using a validated measure of health status and analysed via comparison of means. RESULTS: The majority of AR cases were treated (730/797; 90.3%) and classified as having moderate-severe, intermittent AR (549/797; 68.9%). Half reported adequate symptom control in the prior 2 weeks (389/797; 48.8%; OR=4.04; 95% CI (CI) 2.24 to 7.31). Having AR was associated with worse overall health status (7.4 vs 8.4, mean difference (least squares mean difference (LSMD))=-0.99; 95% CI -1.18 to -0.79), fewer days being happy (22.2 vs 25.9, LSMD=-3.68; 95% CI -4.82 to -2.54) and more days of poor physical (2.82 vs 0.78, LSMD=2.04; 95% CI 1.61 to 2.47) and emotional (2.14 vs 0.67, LSMD=1.47; 95% CI 1.02 to -1.92) health compared with not having AR. All of these outcomes were significantly (p<0.05) worse in children who reported inadequate symptom control. Having AR negatively impacted on schoolwork, sleep and other activities, and increased the likelihood of having comorbidities. CONCLUSION: The parent-perceived burden of AR in Australian children is high and it impacts many areas of day-to-day living. Inadequate symptom control is a key driver of the extent of this impact. Opportunities to optimise the management of AR in children include the adoption of self-assessment tools to gauge and monitor adequacy of symptom control.

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BMJ Open

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10

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11

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© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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Clinical sciences

Health services and systems

Public health

Other health sciences

allergy

paediatric thoracic medicine

quality in health care

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Bosnic-Anticevich, S; Smith, P; Abramson, M; Hespe, CM; Johnson, M; Stosic, R; Price, DB, Impact of allergic rhinitis on the day-to-day lives of children: insights from an Australian cross-sectional study., BMJ Open, 2020, 10 (11), pp. e038870

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