Electrochemical Behavior of Iron and Magnesium in Ionic Liquids

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Lodovico, Lucas
Martins, Vitor L
Benedetti, Tania M
Torresi, Roberto M
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2014
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Abstract

In this work, the electrochemical behavior of Mg and Fe in ionic liquids (IL) were studied. We performed a series of cyclic voltammetry experiments to improve the understanding of Mg behavior in an IL containing the bis(trifluoromethanesulfonylimide) ([Tf2N]) anion. The results show an irreversible deposition/dissolution of Mg at a high water concentration (ca. 1300 ppm, 50 mmol L-1) and very low reversibility (7.3%) at a moderate water concentration (ca. 65 ppm, 5 mmol L-1). The formation of a film on the electrode surface and the presence of Mg were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The process irreversibility indicates the formation of a passivating film. Because the presence of water affects the reversibility of the process, studies of Fe deposition/dissolution were conducted in two different ILs and with microelectrodes to evaluate how the water modifies the reversibility and the diffusion of ions. Water plays an important role in the reversibility of Fe deposition/dissolution being that deposition is less reversible when water is absent. The Fe diffusion is also modified because the Fe ion coordination sphere is strongly affected by the presence or absence of water; the Fe diffusion was also shown to depend on the coordination ability of the cation. © 2014 Sociedade Brasileira de Quimica.

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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
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© The Author(s) 2014. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
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Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
Chemistry
passivation
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Lodovico, L; Martins, VL; Benedetti, TM; Torresi, RM, Electrochemical Behavior of Iron and Magnesium in Ionic Liquids, Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 2014, 25 (3), pp. 460-U236
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