A tale of two jurisdictions. Can Australia and Canada learn from each other’s experience with cannabis control?

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Kisely, S
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2005
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Objective: To compare public health and legal policies to reduce the harm associated with cannabis use in Canada and Australia, given similarities between both countries. Method: A review of the epidemiological and health policy literature. Results: Although both countries have adopted harm minimization, a continued heavy reliance on legislative and punitive approaches in both Canada and Australia has failed to arrest the increase in cannabis use, especially among young people. A Senate inquiry in Canada has recommended the liberalization of laws on the possession and use of cannabis, while tightening legislation against operating vehicles or machinery while intoxicated. Conclusions: Existing policies are not evidence-based and lead to adverse outcomes such as criminalization of otherwise law-abiding citizens and diversion of resources from more effective policing or health service initiatives.

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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

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39

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2

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Biomedical and clinical sciences

Clinical sciences not elsewhere classified

Psychology

Cognition

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