A Lightweight Convolutional Neural Network for Hyperspectral Image Classification

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Jia, Sen
Lin, Zhijie
Xu, Meng
Huang, Qiang
Zhou, Jun
Jia, Xiuping
Li, Qingquan
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In the hyperspectral image, each pixel corresponds to a small area on the Earth's surface and represents the intrinsic characteristic of objects, which can be applied for recognition of land covers. Nevertheless, hyperspectral image processing should face some critical issues, and a small sample set problem may be the most challenging one in the research. Deep learning (DL), which has successfully been applied in many fields, has also been introduced for hyperspectral image classification. However, the large gap between the massive parameters to be tuned and limited labeled samples can lead to overfitting scenario, inevitably deteriorating the generalization ability of the DL model. In this article, a lightweight convolutional neural network (LWCNN) is proposed for hyperspectral image classification to mainly tackle the small sample set problem. Especially, spatial-spectral Schroedinger eigenmaps (SSSE) feature extraction is first adopted to obtain the joint spatial-spectral information, and the compressed dimensionality could significantly reduce the number of parameters in the following DL model. Second, a dual-scale convolution (DSC) module is carefully designed to address the SSSE features from a 1-D vector viewpoint (the number of parameters is further decreased), and the DSC procedure is successively employed to obtain the hierarchical structure description that could represent data distribution from different aspects. Subsequently, the feature vectors from all DSC layers are separately filtered by a new bichannel fusion (BCF) module, which could well encode both the intrinsic and contextual information inside DSC features. Finally, the filtered features are concatenated together and imported into a global average pooling classifier to achieve the predicted probability of each category. Experimental results on three famous hyperspectral image data sets illustrate that the developed LWCNN approach is advantageous in both the efficiency and robustness sides for ...

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

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This publication has been entered in Griffith Research Online as an advanced online version.

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Geomatic engineering

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Jia, S; Lin, Z; Xu, M; Huang, Q; Zhou, J; Jia, X; Li, Q, A Lightweight Convolutional Neural Network for Hyperspectral Image Classification, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2020