A case of suboccipital lump with a rare and unexpected diagnosis of apocrine cystadenoma

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Maguire, Richard
Maguire, Errol
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2016
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Abstract

Introduction Cystadenoma of apocrine origin is a tumour of the sweat gland that is benign in nature. Classification of this pathology is based upon histological characteristics plus histochemical analysis. Prevalence of cystadenoma has been suggested to be quite rare, in the region of 1 in 1000 of subcutaneous biopsies observed.

Presentation of case We present a case of a 40 year old man referred by his GP with a suboccipital lump, present for some years. On examination the lump was approximately 4–5 cm in diameter and an unusual punctum was present. The patient proceeded to an excision of the lesion and the gross specimen showed characteristics of a multiloculated cyst, measuring some 5 cm × 3.5 cm. Histopathology of the tumour revealed an apocrine cystadenoma; there were no features suggestive of malignancy.

Discussion Previous classification of cystadenoma via histological and immunohistochemical method; has revealed only two distinct entities and the term hydrocystoma was often used in place of cystadenoma. More recent studies have suggested that a third type can be identified via immunohistochemical analysis. This third type; apocrine hydrocystoma, reveals that those previously defined as eccrine in origin may also be related to the apocrine ducts.

Conclusion Apocrine cystadenoma remains a benign pathology and treatment should be focussed on excision, without need for further intervention. Apocrine cystadenoma remains a relatively rare pathology, though one which should not recur if adequate treatment is given.

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International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

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18

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© 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of IJS Publishing Group Ltd.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified

Clinical Sciences

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