The Association Between Organisational Support, Self-Regulation, Person-Organisation Fit and Work-Outcome Variables

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Creed, Peter

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Lizzio, Alf

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Although numerous studies have examined the relationship between person-organisation fit (P-O fit) and organisational outcome variables, there is still little consensus and much confusion over a number of important issues regarding conceptualisation, operationalisation, and criteria used to measure P-O fit. Moreover, some inconsistent relationships have been found between P-O fit and outcome variables. This program of studies aimed to overcome limitations of previous P-O fit studies, to clarify the predictors of P-O fit, and to examine the relationships between P-O fit and important organisational outcome variables. The main objectives of the program were: (a) to investigate the role of goal congruence in the assessment of P-O fit, (b) to examine the role of organisational support and self-regulation (feedback seeking, proactive behaviour, emotional control, and social competence) in predicting P-O fit, (c) to assess the mediating role of P-O fit on the relationship between organisational support and self-regulation and the outcome variables of job satisfaction, organisational commitment, and job performance, (d) to test the mediating role of job satisfaction, organisational commitment, and job performance on the relationship between P-O fit and intention to quit, and (e) to investigate the development of P-O fit and the contribution of organisational support and self-regulation to the outcome variables after a period of 6 months. The data were collected from a large-scale electronic manufacturing company in Indonesia. This research has made several important contributions to the P-O fit literature that could improve understanding about P-O fit, and has implications for both the organisation as employer and the person as employee, in terms of improving the positive interaction between them and enhancing their productivity. This research program consisted of three studies. The first part of this program of studies related to the development of a goal congruence measure, which has been accepted for publication. The second part of this program of studies comprises two papers, which have been submitted for publication, related to the association among all research variables cross-sectionally and longitudinally. An overview of the program of studies and literature review are presented in Chapter 1, whilst general discussion, empirical evidence, contribution to the P-O fit literature, practical implication, and methodological shortcomings and suggestions for future studies are synthesised in the last chapter of this thesis.

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Thesis (PhD Doctorate)

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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


School of Applied Psychology

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Person-organisation fit

Job satisfaction

Organisational outcomes

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