Proteomic approaches unravel the intricacy of secreted proteins of Leishmania: An updated review

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Garg, G
Singh, K
Ali, V
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2018
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Abstract

Leishmaniasis, a parasitic protozoan disease, is still a worldwide concern due to persistent issues with chemotherapy, rapid emerging drug resistance; and non- availability of approved vaccine for the control of disease. Therefore, the search of parasite specific proteins to identify new anti-leishmanial drug targets and vaccine candidates is an urgent priority. In this context, proteins that are secreted, in vitro during parasite growth under defined conditions, can be explored as potential tool for studying their roles in parasite survival inside host and disease pathogenesis. From the last few years, various approaches have been exploited to identify the proteins secreted out by the parasites under defined conditions at particular stage or time. Due to availability of genomic information on various Leishmania species, proteomics have been emerged as most promising approach for analyzing the complexity of exoproteome of different Leishmania species. Herein, we have summarized various secretion mechanisms used by Leishmania parasites to export the proteins into the extracellular space; followed by the role of proteomics in exoproteome analysis along with special emphasis on various applications to study the exoproteome, which might provide potential targets for drug design or novel antigens for vaccine development.

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Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics

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1866

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8

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Subject

Biological sciences

Diagnosis

Exoproteome

Immune modulation

Proteomics

Vaccine candidate

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Garg, G; Singh, K; Ali, V, Proteomic approaches unravel the intricacy of secreted proteins of Leishmania: An updated review, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, 2018, 1866 (8), pp. 913-923

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