The Use of Solid-Phase Concentrated Growth Factors for Surgical Defects in the Treatment of Dysplastic Lesions of the Oral Mucosa

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Lin, Shang-Lun
Wu, Shang-Liang
Tsai, Chiang-Chin
Ko, Shun-Yao
Chiang, Wei-Fan
Yang, Jung-Wu
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2016
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Abstract

Purpose: Use of the skin graft and artificial dermis to reconstruct a defect after the excision of dysplastic lesions of the oral mucosa has been practiced for years. The purpose of this case series was to introduce a novel resolution—that is, an operating procedure using solid-phase concentrated growth factors (SPCGFs) to reconstruct oral mucosa defects—and observe the postoperative results and evaluate its clinical effects. Materials and Methods: In this consecutive serial case study of patients with oral dysplastic lesions who underwent operations from April 2015 through July 2015, the primary endpoint of the study was to observe the clinical wound-healing profile at 1 week, 3 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. The secondary endpoint was to observe maximal interincisal opening (MIO) and wound pain preoperatively and at 1 and 3 days, 1 and 3 weeks, and 3 and 6 months postoperatively. The minimum follow-up was 8 months, and the longest was 1 year. Results: All sites had healed with complete epithelialization after 3 weeks postoperatively. All patients had a wound-healing score no higher than 3 at 3 weeks postoperatively. The preoperative MIO was 52 4.64 mm and the 6-month postoperative MIO was 49.2 3.03 mm. No patient reported further pain from 3 weeks postoperatively. No recurrence of the lesion was found at or after the 6-month follow-up period. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the use of SPCGFs to reconstruct oral mucosa defects is feasible and practical. The efficacy of SPCGFs needs to be verified by additional studies with higher-level evidence bases in the future.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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74

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12

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Dentistry

Dentistry not elsewhere classified

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