The utility of ground rule instructions with younger and older adult witnesses

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version

Accepted Manuscript (AM)

Author(s)
Ali, Mohammed M
Brubacher, Sonja P
Earhart, Becky
Powell, Martine B
Westera, Nina J
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2020
Size
File type(s)
Location
License
Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness of ground rules—simple instructions outlining the communication expectations of an investigative interview—with 73 younger (age 18–40) and 57 older (age 60+) adults. Participants watched a film depicting an implied sexual assault and were interviewed after a brief delay. One third received no ground rules, one third received ground rules as statements, and one third received the statements along with practice examples. The interview contained questions that required participants to apply one of the rules. Those who received ground rules were asked their perceptions of the rules. Results demonstrated that practicing ground rules improved response quality to problematic recognition questions, younger adults showed more variability in responses to different ground rules than older adults, and most participants found ground rule instructions useful in investigative interviews. Results provide support for the use of ground rules in interviews with adult witnesses.

Journal Title

Applied Cognitive Psychology

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume
Issue
Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: The utility of ground rule instructions with younger and older adult witnesses, Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3648. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)

Item Access Status
Note

This publication was entered as an advanced online version.

Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Criminology

Psychology

Cognitive and computational psychology

Persistent link to this record
Citation

Ali, MM; Brubacher, SP; Earhart, B; Powell, MB; Westera, NJ, The utility of ground rule instructions with younger and older adult witnesses, Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020

Collections