Dental evidence from the Aterian human populations of Morocco

No Thumbnail Available
File version
Author(s)
Hublin, JJ
Verna, C
Bailey, S
Smith, T
Olejniczak, A
Sbihi-Alaoui, FZ
Zouak, M
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)

J.J. Hublin and S.P. McPherron

Date
2012
Size
File type(s)
Location
License
Abstract

The Aterian fossil hominins represent one of the most abundant series of human remains associated with Middle Stone Age/Middle Paleolithic assemblages in Africa. Their dates have been revised and they are now mostly assigned to a period between 90 and 35 ka. Although the Aterian human fossil record is exclusively Moroccan, Aterian assemblages are found throughout a vast geographical area extending to the Western Desert of Egypt. Their makers represent populations that were located close to the main gate to Eurasia and that immediately predated the last out-of-Africa exodus. In this chapter, we present an analysis of the Aterian dental remains. The sizes of the Aterian dentitions are particularly spectacular, especially for the post-canine dentition. This massiveness is reminiscent of the Middle Paleolithic modern humans from the Near East, but also of the early Homo sapiens in North and East Africa. Morphologically, this megadontia is expressed in the development of mass-additive traits. The Aterian dentition also displays relatively thick enamel. These features help to set some of the traits observed in Neandertals in perspective and highlight their primitive or derived nature. The Aterian morphological pattern is also important to consider when interpreting the dental morphology of the first modern humans in Eurasia.

Journal Title
Conference Title
Book Title

Modern Origins: A North African Perspective

Edition
Volume
Issue
Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement
Item Access Status
Note
Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Biological (physical) anthropology

Persistent link to this record
Citation
Collections