Who is afraid of T.H. Marshall? Or, what are the limits of the liberal vision of rights?

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Murray, G
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Judith Blau, University of South Carolina

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2007
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Abstract

The liberal construction of the citizen is a man (sic) empowered with reciprocal rights to the nation state, which will maintain his dignity by providing work and welfare if he can prove need. The challenge for the new century is to find out whether we still can live in a finely balanced world of citizen/civil society state and capital from which these rights will flow. We need to understand why many of the rights died and subsequently to be able to redefine what it means to be a citizen; by taking into account the unequally weighted power relations that favor corporate citizenship. Then human rights, defined as international standards and norms for economic rights (labor rights, housing and food rights), cultural rights and the right to protection from physical harm, can become a meaningful reality. Spanish La definici㮠liberal del ciudadano es la de un hombre con unas relaciones de reciprocidad con el Estado, que debe mantener su dignidad proporcionᮤole trabajo y bienestar si tiene necesidad. El reto para el nuevo siglo es averiguar si podemos seguir viviendo en el equilibro entre el ciudadano, el Estado y el capital de donde proceden esos derechos. Tenemos que entender por qu頨an muerto muchos de esos derechos y ser capaces de redefinir lo que significa la ciudadan� teniendo en cuenta la desigualdad de relaciones de poder que favorecen los derechos de las corporaciones. Los derechos humanos, entendidos como normas de protecci㮠de derechos econ㭩cos (vivienda y alimento), derechos culturales y el derecho a ser protegidos de la enfermedad, pueden as�onvertirse en una realidad llena de sentido. French La construction lib鲡le du citoyen est un homme autoris頡vec des droits r飩proques ࠬ'鴡t de nation, qui maintiendra sa dignit頥n fournissant le travail et le bien-괲e s'il peut prouver le besoin. Le d馩pour le nouveau si裬e doit d飯uvrir si nous pouvons encore vivre dans un monde finement 鱵ilibr頥ntre la soci鴩 civile et le capitale duquel ces droites couleront encore. Nous devons comprendre pourquoi plusieurs de ces droits de citoyen sont mortes et pouvoir plus tard red馩nir ce que signifie-t-il pour 괲e un citoyen. Il faut le faire en tenant compte des relations in駡les de puissance qui favorisent la citoyennet頤u corporation sur celle de la personne. Puis peuvent-t-ils devenir une r顬it頳ignicative les droits du citoyen, d馩nis en tant que des normes internationales et des normes 飯nomiques: des droits de travail, de logement et de nourriture; des droits culturels et le droit ࠬa protection contre le mal physique. Keywords: CITIZEN; CITIZENSHIP; CONTRACTUAL WELFARE; SOCIAL WELFARE; HUMAN RIGHTS; DEMOCRATIC PROCESS; WORK; ECONOMIC LIBERALISM; ECONOMIC RIGHTS; WORK RIGHTS; ALTERNATIVES Document Type: Research article DOI: 10.1163/187219107X203577 Affiliations: 1: Griffith University, Australia

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Societies Without Borders

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2

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2

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© 2007 Brill Academic Publishers. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.

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