A national-scale dataset for threats impacting Australia's imperiled flora and fauna

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version

Version of Record (VoR)

Author(s)
Ward, Michelle
Carwardine, Josie
Yong, Chuan J
Watson, James EM
Silcock, Jennifer
Taylor, Gary S
Lintermans, Mark
Gillespie, Graeme R
Garnett, Stephen T
Woinarski, John
Tingley, Reid
Fensham, Rod J
Hoskin, Conrad J
Kennard, Mark J
Reside, April E
et al.
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2021
Size
File type(s)
Location
Abstract

Australia is in the midst of an extinction crisis, having already lost 10% of terrestrial mammal fauna since European settlement and with hundreds of other species at high risk of extinction. The decline of the nation's biota is a result of an array of threatening processes; however, a comprehensive taxon-specific understanding of threats and their relative impacts remains undocumented nationally. Using expert consultation, we compile the first complete, validated, and consistent taxon-specific threat and impact dataset for all nationally listed threatened taxa in Australia. We confined our analysis to 1,795 terrestrial and aquatic taxa listed as threatened (Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered) under Australian Commonwealth law. We engaged taxonomic experts to generate taxon-specific threat and threat impact information to consistently apply the IUCN Threat Classification Scheme and Threat Impact Scoring System, as well as eight broad-level threats and 51 subcategory threats, for all 1,795 threatened terrestrial and aquatic threatened taxa. This compilation produced 4,877 unique taxon–threat–impact combinations with the most frequently listed threats being Habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation (n = 1,210 taxa), and Invasive species and disease (n = 966 taxa). Yet when only high-impact threats or medium-impact threats are considered, Invasive species and disease become the most prevalent threats. This dataset provides critical information for conservation action planning, national legislation and policy, and prioritizing investments in threatened species management and recovery.

Journal Title

Ecology and Evolution

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume
Issue
Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2021 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Item Access Status
Note

This publication has been entered as an advanced online version in Griffith Research Online.

Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Ecology

Evolutionary biology

Ecological applications

Science & Technology

Life Sciences & Biomedicine

Environmental Sciences & Ecology

Persistent link to this record
Citation

Ward, M; Carwardine, J; Yong, CJ; Watson, JEM; Silcock, J; Taylor, GS; Lintermans, M; Gillespie, GR; Garnett, ST; Woinarski, J; Tingley, R; Fensham, RJ; Hoskin, CJ; Kennard, MJ; et al., A national-scale dataset for threats impacting Australia's imperiled flora and fauna, Ecology and Evolution, 2021

Collections