Allostasis and sedation practices in intensive care evaluation: an observational pilot study

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Moore, John PR
Anstey, Chris
Murray, Lauren
Fraser, John F
Singer, Mervyn
Griffith University Author(s)
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2018
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: A dysregulated stress response has been implicated in the pathogenesis of critical illness. Sedative agents utilised in the critically unwell patient may impact upon the stress response with a downstream negative effect on multiple organ systems. This study was designed to assess the feasibility of investigating components of the stress response as a sub-study of the current SPICE-III study (NCT01728558). METHODS: This pilot observational cohort study was conducted in a single intensive care unit in Queensland, Australia. Enrolled patients were over 18 years who had been commenced on mechanical ventilation requiring sedation for less than 12 h but expected to remain ventilated for > 24 h. Blood samples were taken at 12 h intervals over a 5-day period commencing at the time of enrolment, and subsequently tested for various markers of key efferent limbs of the stress axis. RESULTS: The 12 patients recruited closely mirrored the population within the pilot study used to design SPICE-III. Eighty-nine percent (107/120) of all planned blood samples were obtained and drawn within 0 h (0-0.3) of the planned sampling time point. Time from eligibility to enrolment was a median (IQR) 1.4 h (0.36-9.19), and time from eligibility to the first blood sample was 4.79 h (2.0-10.61). Physiological, hormonal, metabolic and cardiac biomarkers were consistent with an elevated stress response at baseline which mostly normalised over the 5-day study period. Plasma noradrenaline levels correlated with the dose of norepinephrine used. CONCLUSIONS: A larger sub-study of the SPICE-III study is feasible. The study has demonstrated a predictable trend of variation of the components of the blood panel during the evolution of critical illness and supports multiple sampling time points for the follow-up study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ANZCTR.org.au , ACTRN12616001200471, Registered on 22 January 2016.

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Intensive Care Medicine Experimental

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6

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1

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© The Author(s). 2018 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Clinical sciences

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Life Sciences & Biomedicine

Critical Care Medicine

General & Internal Medicine

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Moore, JPR; Anstey, C; Murray, L; Fraser, JF; Singer, M, Allostasis and sedation practices in intensive care evaluation: an observational pilot study, Intensive Care Medicine Experimental, 2018, 6 (1), pp. 13:1-13:11

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