Relationship Between Air Pollution, Weather, Traffic, and Traffic-Related Mortality

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version

Version of Record (VoR)

Author(s)
Dastoorpoor, Maryam
Idani, Esmaeil
Khanjani, Narges
Goudarzi, Gholamreza
Bahrampour, Abbas
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2016
Size
File type(s)
Location
Abstract

Background: Air pollution and weather are just two of many environmental factors contributing to traffic accidents (RTA). Objectives: This study assessed the effects of these factors on traffic accidents and related mortalities in Ahvaz, Iran Methods: In this ecological study, data about RTA, traffic-related mortalities, air pollution (includingNO,CO,NO2,NOx PM10, SO2, an O3 rates) and climate data from March 2008 until March 2015 was acquired from the Khuzestan State Police Force, the Environmenta Protection Agency and the State Meteorological Department. Statistical analysis was performed with STATA 12 through both crud and adjusted negative binomial regression methods Results: There was a significant positive correlation between increase in the monthly average temperature, the number of rain days, and the number of frost days with the number of RTA (P < 0.05). Increased monthly average relative humidity, evaporation and number of sunny days were negatively correlated with the frequency of RTA (P < 0.05). We also observed an inverse significan correlation between monthly average relative humidity, evaporation, and wind speed with traffic accident mortality (P < 0.05) Some air pollutants were negatively associated with the incidence rate of RTA Conclusions: It appears that some weather variables were significantly associated with increased RTA. However, increased levels o air pollutants were not associated with increased rates of RTA and/or related mortalities. Additional studies are recommended t explore this topic in more detail.

Journal Title

Trauma Monthly

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume

21

Issue

4

Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
DOI
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2016, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Item Access Status
Note
Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Emergency medicine

Science & Technology

Life Sciences & Biomedicine

Emergency Medicine

Air Pollution

Weather

Persistent link to this record
Citation

Dastoorpoor, M; Idani, E; Khanjani, N; Goudarzi, G; Bahrampour, A, Relationship Between Air Pollution, Weather, Traffic, and Traffic-Related Mortality, Trauma Monthly, 2016, 21 (4), pp. e37585

Collections