Effect of 830nm Laser Phototherapy on Osteoblasts Grown in Vitro on Biosilicate Scaffolds

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Muniz Renno, Ana Claudia
McDonnell, Pauline Ann
Crovace, Murilo Camuri
Zanotto, Edgar Dutra
Laakso, Liisa
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Mikos, Antonios G.

Johnson, Peter C.

Date
2010
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56087 bytes

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United States

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a method for successfully seeding osteoblasts onto a glass-ceramic scaffold designed for use in clinical settings; and, determine whether the application of laser phototherapy at 830?nm would result in osteoblast proliferation on the glass-ceramic scaffold. The use of bioscaffolds is considered a promising strategy in a number of clinical applications where tissue healing is sub-optimal. As in vitro osteoblast growth is a slow process, laser phototherapy could be used to stimulate osteoblast proliferation on bioscaffolds. A methodology was developed to seed an osteoblastic (MC3T3) cell line on to a novel glass-ceramic scaffold. Seeded scaffolds were irradiated with a single exposure of 830?nm laser at 10?J/cm2 (at diode). Non-irradiated seeded scaffolds acted as negative controls. Cell proliferation was assessed 7 days after irradiation. Osteoblastic MC3T3 cells were successfully grown on discs composed of a glass-ceramic composite. Laser irradiation produced a 13% decrease in MC3T3 cell proliferation on glass-ceramic discs (mean+/-SD?=?0.192+/-0.002) compared to control (non-irradiated) discs (mean+/-SD?=?0.22+/-0.002). Despite successful seeding of bioscaffolds with osteoblasts, laser phototherapy resulted in a reduction in cell growth compared to non-irradiated controls. Future research combining laser phototherapy and glass-ceramic scaffolds should take in to account possible interactions of the laser with matrix compounds.

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PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY

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28

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1

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This is a copy of an article published in the Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. Copyright 2010 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery is available online at: http://www.liebertonline.com

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Clinical sciences

Clinical sciences not elsewhere classified

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