Fine-Grained Air Quality Prediction using Attention Based Neural Network

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Liu, Tianyu
Ying, Yongzhi
Xu, Yanyan
Ke, Dengfeng
Su, Kaile
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2018
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Abstract

We present a new two-stage fine-grained air Particulate Matter (PM) prediction system using a variety of deep memory networks. Our model is significantly simpler than traditional weather report systems, which rely heavily on the atmospheric reaction equations and pollutant emissions inventories. Pollutant inventories are notoriously difficult to obtain and are often packed with declination for multiple reasons, while reaction equations are impossible to exhaust. These traditional models also tend to perform poorly when affected by strong convective weather. In contrast, our model does not need precise hand collected inventories of pollution sources. It can utilize the potential of Deep-Neural-Networks (DNN) to reveal the relationship among different locations and even find relations between known social events and air quality. Both potentially provide a valid path to air pollution control. The key to our approach is a well-tuned sophisticated attention based network that uses multiple GPUs, allowing us to transform a traditional sparse prediction problem into a sequence-to-sequence learning problem and train it end-to-end. By evaluating the model on over 1,625 instances of data of Northern China collected by our team, we show that it is not only computationally efficient but also accurately feasible compared with other optional models.

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2018 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)
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Artificial intelligence
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