Non-ideal monitoring of a qubit state using a quantum tunnelling device

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Oxtoby, NP
Sun, HB
Wiseman, HM
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A M Stoneham

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2003
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Abstract

We propose a model for non-ideal monitoring of the state of a coupled quantum dot qubit by a quantum tunnelling device. The non-ideality is modelled using an equivalent measurement circuit. This allows realistically available measurement results to be related to the state of the quantum system (qubit). We present a quantum trajectory that describes the stochastic evolution of the qubit state conditioned by tunnelling events (i.e. current) through the device. We calculate and compare the noise power spectra of the current in an ideal and a non-ideal measurement. The results show that when the two qubit dots are strongly coupled the non-ideal measurement cannot detect the qubit state precisely. The limitation of the ideal model for describing a realistic system may be estimated from the noise spectra.

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Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

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15

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© 2003 Institute of Physics Publishing. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.

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Condensed matter physics

Materials engineering

Nanotechnology

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