Demonstrating Heisenberg-limited unambiguous phase estimation without adaptive measurements

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Higgins, BL
Berry, DW
Bartlett, SD
Mitchell, MW
Wiseman, HM
Pryde, GJ
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2009
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Abstract

We derive, and experimentally demonstrate, an interferometric scheme for unambiguous phase estimation with precision scaling at the Heisenberg limit that does not require adaptive measurements. That is, with no prior knowledge of the phase, we can obtain an estimate of the phase with a standard deviation that is only a small constant factor larger than the minimum physically allowed value. Our scheme resolves the phase ambiguity that exists when multiple passes through a phase shift, or NOON states, are used to obtain improved phase resolution. Like a recently introduced adaptive technique (Higgins et al 2007 Natureവ0 393), our experiment uses multiple applications of the phase shift on single photons. By not requiring adaptive measurements, but rather using a predetermined measurement sequence, the present scheme is both conceptually simpler and significantly easier to implement. Additionally, we demonstrate a simplified adaptive scheme that also surpasses the standard quantum limit for single passes.

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New Journal of Physics

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11

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© 2009 Institute of Physics Publishing. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.

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Page numbers are not for citation purposes. Instead, this article has the unique article number of 073023.

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Physical sciences

Quantum information, computation and communication

Quantum optics and quantum optomechanics

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