Crime and disorder in the suburbs: A special case of master-planned communities

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Corcoran, J
Wickes, R
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Wickes, Rebecca
Mazerolle, Lorraine
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2021
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Abstract

With two-thirds of the world’s population predicted to be living in urban areas by 2050 (United Nations, 2014), it has become urgent for urban developers and planners to work together, creating new suburbs from large areas of land, redeveloping them to accommodate the growing sprawl of cities. Often located on the outskirts of capital cities, master-planned communities sit alongside traditional low-income/high-crime neighbourhoods. Not surprisingly, issues of safety and security are important characteristics that differentiate the ‘master-planned’ community from neighbouring communities. Developers have a vested interest in maintaining a particular image of the master-planned community as ‘safe’ and, as a consequence, take a hands-on role in crime control. For the most part, neighbourhood studies of crime and disorder focus on inner city neighbourhoods. Yet, since 2005, the Australian Community Capacity Study has followed three master-planned communities (MPC) located in new growth corridors in Brisbane, Australia. In this chapter, we consider the ‘birth’ of crime in one of these communities in particular. Using crime incident data and Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) census data, we assess changes in crime rates from the initial development of the community to its current established form. Specifically, we focus on changes in the socio-demographic conditions and the regulatory mechanisms associated with the prevention of crime over time.

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Crime and Disorder in Community Context
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Criminology
Sociology
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Corcoran, J; Wickes, R, Crime and disorder in the suburbs: A special case of master-planned communities, Crime and Disorder in Community Context, 2021, pp. 144-166
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