Participation in Physical Activities by Older Australians: A Review of the Social Psychological Benefits and Constraints

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Patterson, I.
Chang, M.
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1999
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Abstract

Participation in physical activities has been found to be an important factor in contributing to a healthy lifestyle. Research has found strong relationships between participation in regular physical activity and the prevention of disease, while its relationship to the psychological and social dimensions have been neglected. Recently however, several studies have found causal relationships between physical activity and improved mood state, reduced anxiety, reduced depression, and increased social support. Despite this, surveys indicate that participation levels in physical activities are declining among older Australians, with the exceptions of walking and gardening. This paper also examines constraints to participation in leisure programs, such as lack, of time, poor health, fear of crime, the financial cost and the lack of a partner to participate with. A number of strategies have been suggested to overcome these constraints.

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Australasian Journal on Ageing
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18
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4
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Medical and Health Sciences
Studies in Human Society
Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
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