A Comparison of Two Methods for Recruiting Children with an Intellectual Disability

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Adams, Dawn
Handley, Louise
Heald, Mary
Simkiss, Doug
Jones, Alison
Walls, Emily
Oliver, Chris
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2017
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Abstract

Background: Recruitment is a widely cited barrier of representative intellectual disability research, yet it is rarely studied. This study aims to document the rates of recruiting children with intellectual disabilities using two methods and discuss the impact of such methods on sample characteristics.

Methods: Questionnaire completion rates are compared between (i) participants being approached in child development centre waiting rooms and (ii), one year later, the same participants being invited to take part by phone, email and/or post.

Results: The face‐to‐face recruitment method resulted in a better recruitment rate (58.5% compared to 18.5%) and a larger sample (n = 438) than the telephone/email/post sample (n = 40). It also required less hours of researcher time per completed questionnaire.

Conclusions: In‐line with previous research, recruitment of participants with intellectual disabilities (or their parents/carers) requires significant time and resources to get a sample of an acceptable size.

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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
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© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: A Comparison of Two Methods for Recruiting Children with an Intellectual Disability, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Publication cover image, Volume30, Issue4, July 2017, Pages 696-704, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12263. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes
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Psychology
Other psychology not elsewhere classified
People with disability
Special education and disability
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