Six-minute walk test distances in fast-track and traditional cardiac rehabilitation: A 3-year database review

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Bellet, R Nicole
Francis, Rebecca L
Adams, Lewis
Morris, Norman R
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2015
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Abstract

PURPOSE: Home-based and center-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) have demonstrated similar levels of risk factor reduction. Cardiac rehabilitation models with fewer exercise sessions may be as effective as traditional models. This study reviewed a community phase II CR database from 2007 to 2010.

METHODS: A fast-track CR (FTCR) group was introduced alongside an existing traditional CR (TCR) program. The 2 programs ran concurrently on different days. Both FTCR and TCR treatment groups undertook supervised low to moderate intensity exercise training for 6 weeks and were provided with home exercise advice. Fast-track CR included once-weekly exercise sessions and a 1-time 7-hour education session; TCR included twice-weekly exercise and education sessions. Similar education was provided in both programs. Six-minute walk test distance (6MWD) was assessed pre-CR and post-CR for both groups.

RESULTS: Six hundred and twenty patients enrolled in CR during the period, and patients elected or were assigned (not randomized) to FTCR (n = 197) or to TCR (n = 423) treatment groups. Complete 6MWD data sets were available for 115 FTCR and 254 TCR subjects. Repeated-measures analysis of variance found 6MWD outcomes to be similar for both groups over both assessments combined and at each assessment point. Improvements in 6MWD post-CR were different for men and women in the CR database (8% vs 5%, respectively, P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: Six-minute walk test distance outcomes were not different for subjects undergoing once-weekly or twice-weekly supervised CR exercise sessions. CR models with fewer supervised exercise sessions may provide similar functional outcomes to traditional CR models.

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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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35
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6
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Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Cardiovascular medicine and haematology not elsewhere classified
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