An economic evaluation of Fluvastatin used for the prevention of cardiac events following successful first percutaneous coronary intervention in the UK

No Thumbnail Available
File version
Scuffham, PA
Chaplin, S
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
File type(s)

Aims: To estimate the costs, benefits and cost effectiveness, from the UK NHS perspective, of fluvastatin (relative to no HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor [statin]) for the secondary prevention of major adverse cardiac events following a successful first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken using efficacy data from the Lescolntervention Prevention Study (LIPS). LIPS was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial undertaken in 77 centres (predominantly in Europe). Patients included in the trial had moderate hypercholesterolaemia and had successfully undergone their first PCI. Fluvastatin (Lescol40mg twice daily plus dietary counselling was given to the intervention group for up to 4 years; the control group received dietary counselling only. A Markov model was used to estimate the incremental costs per QALY gained over a 10-year period, with cost data drawn from the UK NHS (2002 values). Monte Carlo simulations and multivariate analysis were used to assess uncertainty. Costs were discounted at 6% per annum, and health outcomes at 1.5% per annum. Results: On average, treatment with fluvastatin cost an additional 㳰0 (SD 㳰3) [euro423; SD euro428] per patient and resulted in an additional 0.092 (SD 0.06) QALYs per patient over 10 years compared with controls. The incremental cost per QALY gained with fluvastatin versus the control group was 㳲07 (SD 㵴97) [euro4527; SD euro7759]. Fluvastatin was dominant (better outcomes and lower costs) in 15.9% of the simulations and was dominated in 2.9%. The key determinants of cost effectiveness were: the effectiveness of fluvastatin in reducing acute myocardial infarction, subsequent PCI, coronary artery bypass graft and cardiac deaths; the utility weight associated with a subsequent post-PCI state; the cost of fluvastatin; and the time horizon evaluated. Conclusions: Fluvastatin is the only statin which has proven effective in preventing major coronary adverse events in new PCI patients; other statins lack this evidence. This Markov model, with its underlying assumptions and data, suggests that fluvastatin is a viable and economically efficient pharmaceutical (relative to no statin) to reduce heart disease in the UK when given routinely to all patients following PCI.

Journal Title


Conference Title
Book Title




Thesis Type
Degree Program
Publisher link
Patent number
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2004 Adis Data Information BV. Self-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this publisher. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author[s] for more information.

Item Access Status
Access the data
Related item(s)

Biomedical and clinical sciences


Persistent link to this record