Genetic susceptibility to complex traits: moving towards informed analysis of whole-genome screens

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Green, Michael
Camilleri, Emily
K. Gandhi, Maher
Griffiths, Lyn
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F. Columbus
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2009
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Abstract

Susceptibility to complex traits, by definition, involves aetiological polymorphisms at multiple genetic loci combined with variable contributions by environmental factors. However, the approaches taken to identifying genetic loci implicated in susceptibility to complex traits frequently overlooks the compounding contribution of multiple loci in favour of highlighting a single gene solely responsible for predisposition. It is only in a small minority of cases that this has resulted in clear disease heritability associated with polymorphisms in a single gene. More often, this approach has led to an accumulation of single-gene associations with minor contributions to disease susceptibility. As the genomic era advances and genome-wide screens become higher in resolution and throughput, the need for simultaneous consideration of multiple loci is becoming more important. With special reference to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), this chapter will overview the current progress made in elucidating genetic polymorphisms associated with disease susceptibility. We also present novel data from a high-resolution single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray screen for susceptibility loci that are involved in NHL. Using an 'informed approach', the findings are highlighted within the context of cellular pathways, and provide insight and new ideas for methods of analysis for genome-wide screens for susceptibility.

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The Human Genome: Features, Variations and Genetic Disorders
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© 2009 Nova Science Publishers Inc. Use hypertext link for access to the publisher's website. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
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Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
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