Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) statement: updated reporting guidance for health economic evaluations

Thumbnail Image
File version
Version of Record (VoR)
Husereau, Don
Drummond, Michael
Augustovski, Federico
de Bekker-Grob, Esther
Briggs, Andrew H
Carswell, Chris
Caulley, Lisa
Chaiyakunapruk, Nathorn
Greenberg, Dan
Loder, Elizabeth
Mauskopf, Josephine
Mullins, C Daniel
Petrou, Stavros
Pwu, Raoh-Fang
Scuffham, Paul
et al.
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
File type(s)

Health economic evaluations are comparative analyses of alternative courses of action in terms of their costs and consequences. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement, published in 2013, was created to ensure health economic evaluations are identifiable, interpretable, and useful for decision making. It was intended as guidance to help authors report accurately which health interventions were being compared and in what context, how the evaluation was undertaken, what the findings were, and other details that may aid readers and reviewers in interpretation and use of the study. The new CHEERS 2022 statement replaces previous CHEERS reporting guidance. It reflects the need for guidance that can be more easily applied to all types of health economic evaluation, new methods and developments in the field, as well as the increased role of stakeholder involvement including patients and the public. It is also broadly applicable to any form of intervention intended to improve the health of individuals or the population, whether simple or complex, and without regard to context (such as health care, public health, education, social care, etc.). This summary article presents the new CHEERS 2022 28-item checklist and recommendations for each item. The CHEERS 2022 statement is primarily intended for researchers reporting economic evaluations for peer reviewed journals as well as the peer reviewers and editors assessing them for publication. However, we anticipate familiarity with reporting requirements will be useful for analysts when planning studies. It may also be useful for health technology assessment bodies seeking guidance on reporting, as there is an increasing emphasis on transparency in decision making.

Journal Title
The European Journal of Health Economics
Conference Title
Book Title
Thesis Type
Degree Program
Publisher link
Patent number
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement
© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Item Access Status
Access the data
Related item(s)
Health economics
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Health Policy & Services
Persistent link to this record
Husereau, D; Drummond, M; Augustovski, F; de Bekker-Grob, E; Briggs, AH; Carswell, C; Caulley, L; Chaiyakunapruk, N; Greenberg, D; Loder, E; Mauskopf, J; Mullins, CD; Petrou, S; Pwu, R-F; Scuffham, P; et al., Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) statement: updated reporting guidance for health economic evaluations, The European Journal of Health Economics, 2022, 23 (8), pp. 1309-1317