A cross-sectional study of symptoms and health-related quality of life in menopausal-aged women in China

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Rautenberg, Tamlyn A
Ng, Shu Kay Angus
Downes, Martin
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2023
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Abstract

Objective To measure symptoms and health-related quality of life in a cross-sectional cohort of menopausal-aged women in China.

Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a general population cohort of 2,000 Chinese females over the age of 45 years. Patients completed the Chinese version of the EuroQol-5D five level (EQ5D5L) health-related quality of life instrument via Personal Digital Assistant. Raw scores were converted to utility tariffs using value sets for China. Statistical analysis included Pearson’s chi-square test, z test for multiple comparisons with adjustment by the Bonferroni method, independent-sample t-test, ANOVA, and adjustment by the Tukey method for multiple comparison. Results were considered statistically significant when p < 0.05 and the study was reported according to the STROBE recommendations.

Results In a cohort of 2000 women, 732 (37%) were premenopausal, 798 (40%) were perimenopausal and 470 (23%) were postmenopausal. Perimenopausal women reported significantly more symptoms (91%) compared to premenopausal (77%) and postmenopausal (81%) women. Health-related quality of life was significantly lower in symptomatic perimenopausal women compared to premenopausal (0.919, p < 0.05) and postmenopausal (0.877, p < 0.05) women. Within each group there was a statistically significant difference between the health-related quality of life of women with symptoms compared to without symptoms.

Conclusion The perimenopausal phase of menopause is associated with significantly more symptoms and significantly lower HRQoL compared to premenopausal and postmenopausal phases.

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BMC Women's Health
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23
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© The Author(s) 2023. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
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Reproductive medicine
Midwifery
Public health
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Rautenberg, TA; Ng, SKA; Downes, M, A cross-sectional study of symptoms and health-related quality of life in menopausal-aged women in China, BMC Women's Health, 23, pp. 563
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