Properties of Spoken Persuasive Language Samples From Typically Developing Adolescents

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version

Accepted Manuscript (AM)

Author(s)
Heilmann, John
Malone, Thomas O
Westerveld, Marleen F
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2020
Size
File type(s)
Location
License
Abstract

Purpose Persuasive communication skills are vital for achieving success in school, at work, and in social relationships. To facilitate assessment of persuasive discourse, we developed a clinically feasible persuasive speaking protocol and used it to compile a database of language samples. This database allowed us to describe the properties of adolescents' persuasive speaking skills. Method We collected spoken language samples from 179 typically developing students in Grades 8-12, recruited from the United States and Australia. Participants were asked to persuade an authority figure to make a change in a rule or policy. Results Language performance data reflecting both microstructural and macrostructural properties of spoken language were summarized and broken down by grade. We completed a factor analysis that documented three latent variables (syntax, discourse difficulties, and content). To test the validity of the persuasive measures, a subset of the participants completed an additional battery of assessments, which revealed weak to moderate relationships between the persuasive measures, general language ability, and working memory. There was no significant relationship between the persuasive language measures and an assessment of personality. Conclusion Our persuasive language sampling protocol facilitated the collection of valid language performance data. The summary data can be used as benchmarks for clinical evaluations of adolescents suspected of having language difficulties.

Journal Title

Language, speech, and hearing services in schools

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume

51

Issue

2

Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2020 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.

Item Access Status
Note
Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Speech pathology

Applied linguistics and educational linguistics

Persistent link to this record
Citation

Heilmann, J; Malone, TO; F Westerveld, M, Properties of Spoken Persuasive Language Samples From Typically Developing Adolescents, Language, speech, and hearing services in schools, 2020, 51 (2), pp. 441-456

Collections