An ultrathin cobalt-based zeolitic imidazolate framework nanosheet array with a strong synergistic effect towards the efficient oxygen evolution reaction

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Cao, Junhui
Lei, Chaojun
Yang, Jian
Cheng, Xiaodi
Li, Zhongjian
Yang, Bin
Zhang, Xingwang
Lei, Lecheng
Hou, Yang
Ostrikov, Kostya Ken
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2018
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Abstract

Development of highly efficient and stable zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) nanosheets has recently received growing interest as alternatives to noble-metal electrocatalysts towards the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Herein, we develop a novel vapor-phase hydrothermal growth strategy for in situ synthesis of ultrathin cobalt-based zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) nanosheets grown on the surface of Co(OH)2 nanosheets vertically aligned on electrochemically exfoliated graphene (EG) foil. Ultrathin ZIF-67 nanosheets with a thickness of ∼5 nm are uniformly coated on the surface of a Co(OH)2 nanosheet array to form a 2D core–shell structure. Benefitting from the strong coupling and synergistic effects, the resulting EG/Co(OH)2/ZIF-67 hybrid exhibits excellent catalytic activity for the OER in alkaline electrolytes, which only requires an overpotential of 280 mV to attain a current density of 10 mA cm−2 with a low Tafel slope of 63 mV dec−1 and high stability. Such high OER performance for the EG/Co(OH)2/ZIF-67 hybrid is superior to that of commercial Ir/C catalysts and even better than that of all previously reported ZIF-based OER electrocatalysts. In situ Raman analyses demonstrate that under OER conditions, the Co–O species are converted into Co–OOH groups, which are responsible for the excellent catalytic activity of EG/Co(OH)2/ZIF-67 in the OER.

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JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A
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6
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39
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Condensed matter physics
Macromolecular and materials chemistry
Materials engineering
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