Human Sex Hormone Disrupting Effects of New Flame Retardants and Their Interactions with Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers, a Case Study in South China

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Guo, Ling-Chuan
Pan, Shangxia
Yu, Shengbing
Liu, Tao
Xiao, Jianpeng
Zhu, Binghui
Qu, Yabin
Huang, Weixiong
Li, Min
Li, Xing
Zeng, Weilin
Rutherford, Shannon
Lin, Lifeng
Zhang, Yonghui
Ma, Wenjun
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2018
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Abstract

Even though sex hormone disrupting effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are widely understood, similar effects associated with new flame retardants (NFRs) have not been so well studied. This study aimed to explore the sex hormone disruption of NFRs and their interactions with PCBs and PBDEs through the conduct of an ecological study in an e-waste dismantling and control region in South China. Questionnaires and blood samples were collected from local adult residents. Results of generalized additive model and linear regression analyses indicate that several species of NFRs showed similar disrupting effects with PBDE congeners on female follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and male testosterone. Judged by the curved shape and statistical significance, ΣNFR (sum of 8 species of NFRs) showed stronger disrupting effects on male testosterone and female FSH compared to ΣPBDE (sum of 13 congeners of PBDEs). The interactions induced by NFRs complicated the original sex hormone disruption led by PCBs and PBDEs. The disrupting effects and interactions induced by NFRs decreased female FSH levels in the exposed group. Comprehensive evaluation is needed to provide the evidence base for judging the health risks arising from the increased usage of NFRs.

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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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Nanomaterials
Toxicology (incl. clinical toxicology)
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