Evaluating the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drug(s) for relief of pain associated with temporomandibular joint disorders: A systematic review

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Kulkarni, Sachin
Thambar, Samuel
Arora, Himanshu
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Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to compile the latest evidence to assess the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug(s) (NSAID) in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) in relieving pain. TMDs are a group of musculoskeletal disorders that affect the temporomandibular joint and/or masticatory muscles. Methods: After a literature review, a comprehensive search was conducted via Pubmed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases with a systematic search strategy. The inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials in humans, published in the last 50 years evaluating the effect of NSAIDs on TMDs. Although this duration chosen would potentially identify studies that have utilised outdated treatments, research methodology, and TMDs diagnostic criteria, and this has been considered before making clinical recommendation, it was used to advise future methodological changes necessary. The included studies were subjected to full-text review. Results: Out of 646 studies initially identified through searches, 12 were selected for full-text review of which 11 were included in the data synthesis. All 11 studies were randomised controlled trials. In total, 424 patients were included in this review. The earliest study included was 1996. Diagnostic criteria varied among all studies, and some did not specify enough signs and symptoms to construct a diagnosis. Intervention varied among all studies, as did the control. Nonspecific diagnosis, variable control groups, and heterogenous intervention protocols affected the outcome of this review. Despite the reduction of pain in the joint and/or masticatory muscles as well as improved range of motion, conclusive clinical recommendation could not be made. Conclusion: Heterogeneity did not allow for definitive conclusion; however, there was some evidence to support the use of NSAIDs in patients with TMDs for relief of pain. Further studies with strict, consistent diagnostic criteria and treatment are required.

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Clinical and Experimental Dental Research

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© 2019 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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Kulkarni, S; Thambar, S; Arora, H, Evaluating the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drug(s) for relief of pain associated with temporomandibular joint disorders: A systematic review, Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, 2020, 6 (1), pp. 134-146