The future of Blue Carbon science

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Macreadie, Peter I
Anton, Andrea
Raven, John A
Beaumont, Nicola
Connolly, Rod M
Friess, Daniel A
Kelleway, Jeffrey J
Kennedy, Hilary
Kuwae, Tomohiro
Lavery, Paul S
Lovelock, Catherine E
Smale, Dan A
Apostolaki, Eugenia T
Atwood, Trisha B
et al.
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2019
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Abstract

The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.

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Nature Communications

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10

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1

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© The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Environmental sciences

Science & Technology

Multidisciplinary Sciences

Science & Technology - Other Topics

SEA-LEVEL RISE

VEGETATED COASTAL HABITATS

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Macreadie, et al., The future of Blue Carbon science, Nature Communications, 2019, 10 (1)

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